Small Spot Gold Severum (Heros efaciatus) 2-3 inches

$29.99 Regular Price
$22.49Sale Price
Quick factsScientific name: Heros SeverusTemperature: 24-29 CTank size: 50+ gallonPH level: 6.0-7.0Adult size: 12”Lifespan: 10 yearsCare level: easyRed-spotted severums originate from northern Amazon regions in river basins such as Negro, Amazon, and Orinoco. They are primarily a color variant of the Gold Severum. They are bred in captivity to specifically elevate the red color found in the fish.Red-spotted severum tend to grow larger than other mouthbrooding severums and are very attractive. In fact, most hobbyists breed them because of their bright orange-red color found on their bellies, pelvic and anal fins. Not to mention their intensely bright-red eyes.Tank setupThe minimum tank size required for these fish is a 50-gallon tank – single fish. However, a 100-gallon tank is required for a breeding pair or community tank. They prefer an aquarium with dense plant vegetation and lots of shelter spots. For this, driftwood, rocks, and caves will do since they mimic natural division in territories. Additionally, provide fine sand or smooth gravel substrate.The tank water can either be fresh or brackish and they prefer moderate water movement with efficient filtration. Ensure that the live plants are not easily uprooted since the red spotted severum might dig or bite off small plants. So which plants should you provide your fish buddies?Ideal plants for red spotted severum aquarium   AnacharisThis is a staple for most community tanks. It is adaptable to varied water conditions and is also referred to as the Brazilian Water Weed. Taking care of this plant is quite easy just like the fish. However, you should ensure that it does not outgrow the tank. In fact, you can grow it by floating or planting on the substrate.The Anacharis plant can thrive in red-spotted severum aquariums since the water is between 24 and 29 C. besides, the plant can even grow in cooler waters.  Also, they can thrive in pH levels between 6.5 and 7.5 but prefer the hard side rather than the soft side. They do well in moderate to high light situations. A Low light aquarium is a No for this plant.   CabombaCabomba aquarium plants are gradually becoming popular among red spotted severum hobbyists. Nowadays, most pet stores will refer to them as green Cabomba, Brazilian or Carolina Fanwort. The Green Cabomba is the most common while the Purple Cabomba is somewhat rare. This plant makes an excellent background plant.Unfortunately, caring for this plant is not easy especially for the Purple Cabomba. As such, we would not recommend them for novice hobbyists. What makes them fragile plants? It is because of their lighting conditions.Both the green and the purple Cabomba require more watts of light per gallon which is tricky for a novice to achieve. Additionally, the plant requires liquid fertilizer and CO2 supplements. All these requirements combined make it a difficult plant to care for.HornwortHornwort is a hardy aquarium plant that supplements red spotted severum tanks. It is tolerant of different water conditions and grows faster compared to the Cabomba and Anacharis. In fact, this plant produces chemicals that inhibit the growth of other plants.So how does it look like? The hornwort does not have true roots. It depends on some of its leaves to support it. Additionally, it might grow hair-like roots to anchor itself. This plant can comfortably thrive in a red spotted severum aquarium since it requires a water temperature between 20-30 C and a pH level of 6.0 to 7.5.Water conditionsFor the Red Spotted Severum to thrive it ought to be kept under the following conditions:Temperature: The water temperature should be between 24 and 29 C. this is will ensure optimal health plus vivid body and eye colors.Water pH level: Red Spotted Severums do well in water between 6.5 and 7.5. However, they prefer slightly acidic water.Aquarium careNobody wants to live in a dirty old room, and the same applies to red spotted severum. Since aquariums are enclosed habitats, they will require maintenance checks once in a while. As waste material, nitrates, ammonia, and phosphates build up in the water, it becomes hardy.Fortunately, you can mitigate this by carrying out a weekly 20% water change. Additionally, you can add an algae scavenger to feed on the algae. Alternatively, use an algae scraper to remove it off the viewing panes.Provide moderate lighting although this is not a big issue. And, don’t forget to provide shade in some spots; floating plants come in handy here.Feeding and nutritionWhat should you feed your red spotted severum?Naturally, they are omnivores and will feed on a varied diet. As such, you can feed them with flakes, pellets, tablets and other processed foods. Also, small insects, larvae, small crustaceans will also make your fish happy.Side note, do not forget to feed them some vegetables. In fact, they tend to prefer veggies to meaty diet. So, peas, cucumbers, zucchini, and lettuce are a staple to them. Some of their preferred aquarium vegetation are the Canadian-water weed and Brazilian elodea which have a smooth inside that the fish love.Supplement their food with vitamin-rich food such as frozen blood worms, brine shrimps, crickets and earthworms.How often should you feed them?You should feed them at least once or twice per day. Feed them with enough food for a 3-5 minutes feast. They thrive well when fed small portions per day. Avoid overfeeding your fish. Feeding your severum fish more than enough is a remedy for an untidy tank since they are not dainty feeders.Which are some of their social behaviors?Red-spotted severums like to hang out with other fish of their same size and temperament. As such a community tank will do for your buddy. However, keep them with peaceful to semi-aggressive tank mates.And when you choose tank mates, ensure the aquarium is a 100+ gallon tank. A large aquarium with ample swimming space will significantly mitigate their aggressive behavior. Alternatively, you can keep them in a singular 45-gallon tank and they will do just fine.Which are the most suitable tank mates?AngelfishTemperature: 24 – 26 CPH level: 6.5 – 6.9Size: 3 inchesCare level: easyLifespan: 10 yearsAngelfish are some of the most common aquarium fish in the market. They are freshwater fish that originate from South America. They are carnivores and therefore do not compete for food with red spotted severum. These tropical fish can also live without other species of fish.The female lays eggs which are later fertilized by the male. However, it is hard to distinguish between male and female angelfish. To get healthy angelfish you need to keep your water clean and feed them with the right kind of food. Feed them with cichlid flakes and pellets and supplement the diet with live foods like brine shrimps and mealworms.PlecosTemperature: 22 – 28 CWater pH level: 6.5 – 7.5Size: 24”Lifespan: 10-15 yearsCare level: easyPlecos are members of the catfish family. In fact, they are the most common and have over 150 species in total. Ranging from small, large, peaceful and aggressive Plecos. You should, however, keep the peaceful Plecos with red spotted severum.Plecos are nocturnal, making them active in the night when the severum is resting. As such, they’ll have no contact. They are ideal tank cleaners since they feed on algae. You should, however, complement their diet with vitamin-rich foods.The aquarium should have ample hiding places and plants where they can rest and hide. Consequently, you should purchase a 150-gallon tank to keep them together with the severum.Horseface LoachesTemperature: 25-28 CWater pH level: 6.0-6.5Size: 8 inchesLifespan: 10 yearsCare level: intermediateThese are bottom-dwellers that tend to burrow into the substrate as they look for organisms to feed on. Its long snout that resembles the muzzle of a horse gave their name.They are peaceful and live in harmony wit

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